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Mid-Winter Numbers Of Waterbirds in Bulgaria (1977-2001). Results from 25 years of mid-winter counts carried out at the most important Bulgarian wetlands
Магазин » е-книги » Mid-Winter Numbers Of Waterbirds in Bulgaria (1977-2001). Results from 25 years of mid-winter counts carried out at the most important Bulgarian wetlands
Mid-Winter Numbers Of Waterbirds in Bulgaria (1977-2001). Results from 25 years of mid-winter counts carried out at the most important Bulgarian wetlands
Mid-Winter Numbers Of Waterbirds in Bulgaria (1977-2001). Results from 25 years of mid-winter counts carried out at the most important Bulgarian wetlands Mid-Winter Numbers Of Waterbirds in Bulgaria (1977-2001). Results from 25 years of mid-winter counts carried out at the most important Bulgarian wetlands Mid-Winter Numbers Of Waterbirds in Bulgaria (1977-2001). Results from 25 years of mid-winter counts carried out at the most important Bulgarian wetlands Mid-Winter Numbers Of Waterbirds in Bulgaria (1977-2001). Results from 25 years of mid-winter counts carried out at the most important Bulgarian wetlands Mid-Winter Numbers Of Waterbirds in Bulgaria (1977-2001). Results from 25 years of mid-winter counts carried out at the most important Bulgarian wetlands
Автор: Таньо Мичев, Любомир Профилов
Код: 016239
Налично: В наличност
Цена: 79.80 лв.
Кол-во:

   - ИЛИ -   

The present book for the first time in Bulgaria summarizes results from 25 years of counts in the most important wetlands in the country referring to the Mid-winter numbers of the waterbirds there. This long-term survey is a part of the regular counts of Divers, Grebes, Pelicans, Cormorants, Swans, Geese, Ducks, Coots, Waders, and Gulls, which have taken place in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East since 1967.

The book consists of two main parts. In the first one are presented 45 of the most significant Bulgarian wetlands (lakes, swamps, reservoirs and other water bodies) along the Danube and Black Sea coasts and inside the country. For each one of the wetlands there is a short characteristic description indicating the average and the maximum values for the wintering birds, the three most numerous species, the world threatened species and those exceeding the 1% Ramsar criteria.

In the second part of the book are presented 106 species of waterbirds with the dynamics of their numbers for the period 1977–2001 including graphics for most of the species. The characteristic changes that have taken place in their wintering populations and the tendencies established by other authors for Europe are also indicated. The book is a result of many years of effort by ornithologists – professional and non-professional, of major Bulgarian Scientific institutions, non-government organizations and state departments. It is illustrated with many black and white drawings by the famous Bulgarian artist Georgi Pchelarov. The book will be especially useful for those who are interested in birdwatching, wetland management and conservation.


Съдържание
Foreword 1

Acknowledgments 2

Abbreviations 2

Introduction 3

Materials and Methods 5

General Review of the Results 11


PART I: WETLANDS 13

General Comments 15

A Brief Description of the Wetlands with the Main Results Obtained 17
1. The Danube (The Danube River) 17
1.1. General Information 17
1.2. Description of the Wetlands 18
1.2.1. Timok - Tsibur Stretch 18
1.2.2. Tsibur - Somovit Stretch 18
1.2.3. Somovit - Svishtov Stretch 18
1.2.4. Svishtov - Rouse Stretch 19
1.2.5. Rouse - Toutrakan Stretch 19
1.2.6. Toutrakan - Silistra Stretch 19
1.2.7. Sreburna Lake Complex 20
1.3. Assessment and Comparison of Individual Wetlands 20
2. North Bulgaria (NBg) 22
2.1. General Information 22
2.2. Description of the Wetlands 23
2.2.1. Gorni Dubnik Reservoir 23
2.2.2. Sopot Reservoir 23
2.2.3. Stamboliyski (Rositsa) Reservoir 24
2.2.4. Suedinenie Reservoir 24
2.2.5. Telish Reservoir 24
2.2.6. Ticha (Vinitsa) Reservoir 25
2.2.7. Tsonevo (Georgi Traykov) Reservoir 25
2.2.8. Other Sites in the Region 26
2.3. Assessment and Comparison of Individual Wetlands. 27
3. Black Sea Coast (BSC) 27
3.1. General Information 27
3.2. Description of the Wetlands on NBSC 28
3.2.1. Dourankoulak Lake Complex 28
3.2.2. Shabla Lake Complex 28
3.2.3. Tyulenovo-Kaliakra Coast 29
3.2.4. Kavarna - Kranevo Coast 30
3.2.5. Varna Lake Complex 30
3.2.6. Kamchiya - Obzor Coast 31
3.2.7. Other Sites in the Region 31
3.3. Assessment and Comparison of Individual Wetlands in NBSC 31
3.4. Description of the Wetlands in Sbsc 32
3.4.1. Dalyana-Vlas Coast 32
3.4.2. Slunchev Bryag-Akheloy Coast 32
3.4.3. Pomorie Lake Complex 33
3.4.4. Atanasovsko Lake Complex 33
3.4.5. Vaya (Bourgasko) Lake 34
3.4.6. Mandra Lake Complex 35
3.4.7. Kraymorie- Chernomorets Coast 36
3.4.8. Chernomorets-Dyuni Coast 36
3.4.9. Alepou Marsh Complex 37
3.4.10. Arkoutino Marsh Complex 37
3.4.11. Primorsko-Tsarevo Coast 38
3.4.12. Tsarevo-Sinemorets Coast 38
3.4.13. Other Sites in the Region: 39
3.5. Assesment and Comparison of the Different Wetlands in SBSC 39
4. South Bulgaria (SBg) 40
4.1. General Information 40
4.2. Description of the Sites 40
4.2.1. Iskur Reservoir Complex 40
4.2.2. Ivaylovgrad Reservoir 41
4.2.3. Koprinka (Georgi Dimitrov) Reservoir 41
4.2.4. Kurdzhali Reservoir 42
4.2.5. Malko Sharkovo Reservoir 42
4.2.6. Ovcharitsa Reservoir 42
4.2.7. Pyasuchnik Reservoir 43
4.2.8. Rozov Kladenets Reservoir 43
4.2.9. Stouden Kladenets Reservoir 44
4.2.10. Trakiets Reservoir 44
4.2.11. Tserkovski Reservoir 45
4.2.12. Zhrebchevo Reservoir 45
4.2.13. Other Sites in the Region 46
4.3. Assesment and Comparisons of Particular Wetlands 47

Assessment and Comparison of Individual Regions and Wetlands in Bulgaria 48


PART II: SPECIES 51

General Comments 53

Short Description of the Species by Orders 54
1. Order Gaviiformes 54
1.1. Red-throated Diver (Gavia stellata) 54
1.2. Black-throated Diver (Gavia arctica) 54
2. Order Podicipediformes 54
2.1. Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis) 54
2.2. Great-crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus) 54
2.3. Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps grisegena) 56
2.4. Slavonian Grebe (Podiceps auritus) 56
2.5. Black - necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis) 56
3. Order Procellariiformes 56
3.1. Yelkouan Shearwater (Puffinus yelkouan) 56
4. Order Pelecaniformes 56
4.1. Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) 56
4.2. Shag (Phalacrocorax aristotelis) 57
4.3. Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmeus) 57
4.4. White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus) 59
4.5. Dalmatian Pelican (Pelecanus crispus) 59
5. Order Ciconiiformes 59
5.1. Bittern (Botaurus stellaris) 59
5.2. Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) 59
5.3. Little Egret (Egretta garzetta) 59
5.4. Great Egret (Egretta alba) 60
5.5. Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) 61
5.6. Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) 61
5.7. Black Stork (Ciconia nigra) 61
5.8. White Stork (Ciconia ciconia) 61
5.9. Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia) 61
5.10. Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber) 61
6. Order Anseriformes 61
6.1. Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) 61
6.2. Bewick’s Swan (Cygnus columbianus) 62
6.3. Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus) 62
6.4. Bean Goose (Anser fabalis) 62
6.5. White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons) 63
6.6. Lesser White-fronted Goose (Anser erythropus) 64
6.7. Greylag Goose (Anser anser) 65
6.8. Snow goose (Anser caerulescens) 66
6.9. Barnacle Goose (Branta leucopsis) 66
6.10. Brent Goose (Branta bernicla) 66
6.11. Red- breasted Goose (Branta ruficollis) 66
6.12. Ruddy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea) 67
6.13. Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna) 68
6.14. Wigeon (Anas penelope) 68
6.15. Gadwall (Anas strepera) 68
6.16. Teal (Anas crecca) 69
6.17. Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) 70
6.18. Pintail (Anas acuta) 70
6.19. Shoveler (Anas clypeata) 71
6.20. Marbled Duck (Marmaronetta angustirostris) 72
6.21. Red-crested Pochard (Netta rufina) 72
6.22. Pochard (Aythya ferina) 72
6.23. Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca) 72
6.24. Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula) 73
6.25. Scaup (Aythya marila) 74
6.26. Common Eider (Somateria mollissima) 74
6.27. Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis) 74
6.28. Common Scoter (Melanitta nigra) 74
6.29. Velvet Scoter (Melanitta fusca) 75
6.30. Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) 76
6.31. Smew (Mergus albellus) 76
6.32. Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator) 77
6.33. Goosander (Mergus merganser) 77
6.34. White-headed Duck (Oxyura leucocephala) 77
7. Order Gruiformes 78
7.1. Water Rail (Rallus aquaticus) 78
7.2. Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus) 78
7.3. Coot (Fulica atra) 78
7.4. Crane (Grus grus) 79
8. Order Charadriiformes 79
8.1. Oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus) 79
8.2. Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus) 79
8.3. Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta) 80
8.4. Little Ringed Plover (Charadrius dubius) 80
8.5. Ringed Plover (Charadrius hiaticula) 80
8.6. Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus) 80
8.7. Golden Plover (Pluvialis apricaria) 80
8.8. Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola) 80
8.9. Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus) 80
8.10. Knot (Calidris canutus) 81
8.11. Sanderling (Calidris alba) 81
8.12. Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea) 81
8.13. Dunlin (Calidris alpina) 81
8.14. Little Stint (Calidris minuta) 81
8.15. Ruff (Philomachus pugnax) 82
8.16. Jack Snipe (Lymnocryptes minimus) 82
8.17. Snipe (Gallinago gallinago) 83
8.18. Great Snipe (Gallinago media) 83
8.19. Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola) 83
8.20. Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa) 83
8.21. Bar-tailed Godwit (Limosa lapponica) 83
8.22. Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus) 83
8.23. Slender-billed Curlew (Numenius tenuirostris) 83
8.24. Curlew (Numenius arquata) 83
8.25. Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus) 84
8.26. Redshank (Tringa totanus) 84
8.27. Greenshank (Tringa nebularia) 84
8.28. Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus) 84
8.29. Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola) 84
8.30. Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) 84
8.31. Turnstone (Arenaria interpres) 84
8.32. Great Black-headed Gull (Larus ichthyaetus) 84
8.33. Mediterranean Gull (Larus melanocephalus) 85
8.34. Little Gull (Larus minutus) 85
8.35. Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibundus) 86
8.36. Slender-billed Gull (Larus genei) 86
8.37. Common Gull (Larus canus) 86
8.38. Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus) 87
8.39. Herring Gull (Larus argentatus) 88
8.40. Yellow-legged Gull (Larus cachinnans) 88
8.41. Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus) 88
8.42. Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) 88
8.43. Sandwich Tern (Sterna sandvicensis) 88
8.44. Black Tern (Chlidonias niger) 88
8.45. Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) 88
8.46. Guillemot (Uria aalge) 88

General Review on the Midwinter Numbers of Waterbirds 89

Conclusions and Recommendations 95

References 97

Appendices 101

Appendix 1 102

Appendix 2 148

Appendix 3 151

Summary in Bulgarian Language153

Index of Wetlands 157

Index of Species 158
Данни за книгата
Език Английски
Издателство Пенсофт
Година на публикуване 2003
Страници 168
Вид на продукта PDF (защитен)
ISBN 9789546423399

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